The common form of arthritis, osteoarthritis, affects many people in Mumbai. It is the main reason why people visit a rheumatologist in Mumbai. Osteoarthritis occurs as the cartilage that protects the ends of your bones wears down. While osteoarthritis can affect any joint, it is mostly seen in the hands, knees, hips, and spine.
Although the damage to joints cannot be reversed, you can manage the symptoms of osteoarthritis. Staying active, eating a balanced diet, and taking some medications can help delay the disease’s progression. Let us discuss in detail osteoarthritis, its symptoms, causes, and treatments.
Osteoarthritis symptoms usually start gradually and intensify over time. The following are some of the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis:
Now that you know the symptoms let us understand the causes of the condition.
Osteoarthritis occurs as the cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones in your joints deteriorates over time. Cartilage is a tough, slick tissue that allows for nearly frictionless joint movement. If the cartilage is worn down, the bone may rub against another bone.
Osteoarthritis is sometimes described as a “wear and tear” condition. However, osteoarthritis affects the whole joint, not just the cartilage. It induces bone changes and deteriorates the connective tissues that keep the joint together and connect muscle to bone. Inflammation of the joint lining is also a side effect.
Even though osteoarthritis is common, there are some specific people who develop the condition more than others.
The following are some of the factors that can raise your risk of osteoarthritis:
Now let us move on to discussing how the condition is diagnoses and treated.
The doctor will look for tenderness, swelling, redness, and flexibility in the affected joint during the physical exam.
Your doctor may suggest that you get pictures of the affected joint by:
Your specialist can confirm your condition by testing your blood or joint fluid.
Osteoarthritis can’t be cured, but treatments can reduce the pain and increase your range of motion.
The following medications can help alleviate osteoarthritis symptoms, especially pain:
If conservative therapies are unsuccessful, your specialist will suggest surgical procedures like:
Some of the questions that might be asked by your rheumatologist include:
If you have osteoarthritis, consult your specialist. They can help in determining the best treatment option after analyzing your condition.