Lupus is a condition in which the body’s immune system attacks your tissues and organs (an autoimmune disease). Lupus can cause inflammation in various body systems, including the joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, brain, heart, and lungs. Lupus is difficult to diagnose because its symptoms and signs are pretty similar to those of other illnesses.
If you have lupus in Mumbai and experiencing various complications arising out of the disease, you should avail yourself of the lupus treatment in Mumbai by Dr. Rishabh Nanavati. Dr. Nanavati’s Clinic – Rheumatologist, Mumbai is capable of providing comprehensive lupus treatment in Mumbai. Rather than avoiding lupus, it is essential to handle it as soon as possible. Severe lupus can result in a variety of serious complications. There’s a risk you’ll get hurt in different parts of your body. Our Founder Dr. Rishabh Nanavati, the rheumatologist in Mumbai, is a qualified and knowledgeable lupus doctor in Mumbai.
Dr. Rishabh Nanavati is a trained and dynamic rheumatologist in Mumbai, and in addition to treating lupus, his expertise covers diagnosing and treating all forms of musculoskeletal disease from knee and back pain through autoimmune inflammatory disorder. Dr. Rishabh Nanavati aims to provide affordable, comprehensive, and excellent treatment to all segments of society.
What is lupus?
Lupus is a condition in which the body’s immune system attacks your tissues and organs (an autoimmune disease). Lupus can cause inflammation in various body systems, including the joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, brain, heart, and lungs. Lupus is difficult to diagnose because its symptoms and signs are pretty similar to those of other illnesses. The most distinguishing symptom of lupus is a facial rash that looks like butterfly wings unfolding over both cheeks. This rash occurs many but not all are the causes of lupus. Some people are predisposed to lupus, which can be caused by infections, certain medications, or even sunlight. Although there is no cure for lupus, there are medications that can help manage symptoms.
Signs and Symptoms of Lupus:
There are no two forms of lupus that are the same. Symptoms and signs may appear suddenly or gradually, be severe or mild, and be temporary or permanent. Most people with lupus have a moderate form of the disease marked by flares, which occur when signs and symptoms worsen for a while before improving or even disappearing entirely.
Your lupus signs and symptoms can vary depending on which body parts are affected by the disease. The following are the most common signs and symptoms:
- It’s a fever
- Swelling, swelling, and discomfort in the joints
- Skin lesions that occur or worsen with sun exposure, such as a butterfly-shaped rash on the face that covers the cheeks and bridge of the nose, or rashes elsewhere on the body
- When exposed to cold or during difficult times, the fingers and toes turn white or blue.
- Breathing problems
- Pain in the chest
- Dry eyes
- Headaches, fuzziness, and memory loss
Now let us see different types of lupus:
Systemic Lupus erythematosus (SLE): It is a form of lupus that affects the whole body. The most common form of lupus is systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). When anyone claims they have lupus, they are almost definitely referring to SLE.
Cutaneous lupus: It is a form of lupus that affects the skin. This form of lupus usually affects only your skin. It may cause rashes and scars from permanent lesions. The following are some of the various forms of cutaneous lupus:
- Acute cutaneous lupus: It is a form of lupus that affects the skin. This form results in a typical “butterfly rash.” This is a rash that develops on the cheeks and nose and is red.
- Lupus cutaneous subacute: A red rash that is raised and scaly forms on the body due to this type of cutaneous lupus. It usually occurs in areas that have been exposed to sunlight and may not result in scarring.
- Chronic cutaneous lupus: This form of lupus produces a rash that is purple or red. Skin discoloration, scarring, and hair loss are also possible side effects. Discoid lupus is another name for it.
Drug-induced lupus: It is a form of lupus that occurs when you use certain prescription drugs. The drug-induced lupus erythematosus (DIL) is another name for DIL (DILE). DIL may grow due to long-term use of some prescription drugs, usually after just a few months.
Neonatal lupus: This is a very unusual type that affects babies whose mothers have specific autoimmune antibodies. These autoimmune antibodies are passed down through the placenta from mother to fetus.
So, what are the causes of developing lupus?
Lupus is an inflammation condition in which the immune system destroys healthy tissue in the body. A combination of genetics and climate most likely triggers lupus.
It appears that people who have an inherited predisposition to lupus can develop the disease if they come into contact with a trigger in the environment. However, in the vast majority of cases, the origin of lupus is uncertain. The following are some possible triggers:
- The sun: In people with lupus, exposure to the sun may cause skin lesions or activate an internal reaction.
- Infections: Infections can trigger lupus or trigger relapse in some people.
- Medications: Some blood pressure drugs, anti-seizure medications, and antibiotics may cause lupus. When people with drug-induced lupus avoid taking medicine, their symptoms usually improve.
Lupus is a long-term autoimmune disease where the body’s immune system attacks normal, healthy tissue. Symptoms include swelling and damage to the joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, heart, brain, and lungs. The disease is managed through medications and lifestyle modifications.
Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease that requires lifelong management. You can visit Dr. Rishabh Nanavati for comprehensive lupus treatment in Mumbai.
Dr. Rishabh Nanavati is a competent rheumatologist in Mumbai who works closely with his patients to offer them the finest treatment possible in a fast and efficient manner.
He is an expert in diagnosing and treating rheumatological conditions such as osteoarthritis, gout, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren’s syndrome, and lupus in Mumbai.
Before moving forward, let us first understand what lupus is?
Lupus, also known as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), is a chronic autoimmune illness.
An autoimmune disorder is a condition wherein your body’s immune system, designed to fight off infection, attacks the healthy tissues instead.
Apart from affecting the joints and skin, lupus can affect other body organs such as the heart, kidney, brain, and lungs. Many of your symptoms may come and go in waves, which are referred to as flare-ups.
Systemic lupus erythematosus symptoms might be minimal or non-existent at times, indicating that the disease is in remission. Other times, you may have severe symptoms of the disease that significantly influence your everyday life.
At present, there is no cure for lupus. So Dr. Rishabh Nanavati provides treatments that focus on lowering inflammation and relieving symptoms.
What are the different types of lupus?
There are four types of lupus:
- Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) – It is the most common type of lupus that affects the skin, joint, kidney, and lungs. It causes inflammation and tissue damage.
- Cutaneous lupus – This kind of lupus affects only the skin. It causes skin problems such as rashes and sensitivity to the sun.
- Neonatal lupus – It is a rare disorder present in newborn infants whose mothers have lupus.
- Drug-induced lupus – Certain medications are to blame for this kind of lupus. The symptoms are mostly similar to those of systemic lupus erythematosus. However, it goes away once you stop medications.
What are the causes of lupus?
While doctors aren’t sure what causes lupus, they believe it is caused by a mix of underlying conditions like:
- Environmental factors
- Hormonal changes
However, remember, lupus is not contagious.
What are the symptoms of lupus?
If you have lupus, you could experience a wide range of symptoms. The symptoms are not the same for everyone, and they may include:
- Sensitivity to sunlight
- Muscle pain
- Joint pain
- Hair loss in patches
- Dry mouth and eyes
- Memory loss
- Shortness of breath
- Issues with lungs, kidneys, heart
Lupus symptoms can take a long time to develop. Over time, you may notice additional symptoms, and the severity can also alter. It is best to consult the doctor if you suffer from one or more of these symptoms.
How is lupus diagnosed?
During the consultation, Dr. Rishabh Nanavati will ask for your medical history and conduct a physical examination. He will inquire about your symptoms, including the length of time you have been experiencing them and whether you have a family history of lupus or other autoimmune disorders.
Furthermore, he may ask you to undergo the following tests before your lupus treatment in Mumbai:
- Urine tests
- Blood tests
- Imaging tests such as echocardiograms and chest x-rays
- Tissue biopsy(if indicated)
Lupus Treatment in Mumbai
While there is no cure for lupus at present, there are drugs that can help you manage your symptoms and prevent flare-ups. When considering lupus treatment, Dr. Rishabh Nanavati, a highly qualified rheumatologist in Mumbai, will take into account the severity of your lupus symptoms.
You will have to visit the doctor frequently so that he can keep a close eye on your health and see if your treatment strategy is working to control your symptoms.
Furthermore, the symptoms of lupus can alter over time. As a result, Dr. Rishabh Nanavati may change your prescriptions or adjust the dosage of your present ones. He may also suggest lifestyle adjustments in addition to medicine.
Medications can aid in the treatment of lupus symptoms in a variety of ways, including:
- Immune system relaxation
- Lowering the amount of inflammation you are dealing with
- Assisting in the prevention of joint or internal organ damage
The lupus medications include the following:
- Antimalarial medications
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- Immunosuppressive drugs
It is critical to keep track of how your medications are affecting your symptoms. Inform your doctor if your medicine produces side effects or is no longer effective in treating your symptoms.