Dr. Nanavati’s Clinic is redy to offer the most-effective Arthritis Treatment in Mumbai. It is essential to treat arthritis in time rather than ignore it. Severe arthritis conditions can lead to difficulty in movement and performing daily tasks. There are chances that the joints become deformed and twisted in shape. Our Founder, Dr. Rishabh Nanavati, is a trained and highly dynamic rheumatologist in Mumbai. His expertise includes diagnosing and treating all aspects of musculoskeletal disease, from joint and back pain to autoimmune inflammatory disease. Dr. Nanavati also specializes in managing complex and challenging rheumatology conditions such as arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, psoriatic arthritis, post-viral arthritis, and more. He aims to provide affordable, comprehensive, and excellent arthritis treatment in Mumbai.
Please keep reading to know about arthritis, its symptoms, types, treatment, and more.
What Is Arthritis and How Does It Affect You?
Arthritis is the inflammation of the joints. It is a rheumatic condition that affects the joints of the body, especially the joint's cartilage. However, the term is applied to over 200 disorders that affect joints, underlying tissues, and other connective tissues. Osteoarthritis is a common form of arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis, Fibromyalgia, and Gout are common rheumatic disorders linked to arthritis. Arthritis is common in individuals over the age of 65. However, people of all ages, including infants, may be affected.
Symptoms of Arthritis
Depending on the type of arthritis, you can experience the following symptoms:
- Reduced range of motion
Types of Arthritis
1. Inflammatory arthritis
Inflammation is the natural healing process of the body. It is a natural protection against viruses and bacteria and a response to injuries like burns. It occurs in people with inflammatory arthritis for no specific cause.
Examples of inflammatory arthritis include:
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Reactive arthritis
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Arthritis associated with colitis or psoriasis
2. Degenerative arthritis
Degenerative arthritis is a group of disorders characterized by damage to the cartilage covering the bones' ends.
3. Soft tissue musculoskeletal pain
Other than the joints and bones, soft tissue musculoskeletal pain is felt in other tissues. Following an injury or overuse, such as a tennis elbow, the pain usually involves a specific body part. It originates in the muscles or soft tissues that support the joints.
4. Back pain
Issues with the body's organs may cause back pain. Muscles, discs, nerves, ligaments, bones, and joints may all cause back pain. A particular cause, such as osteoarthritis, a slipped disc, or osteoporosis, may exist. When it affects the spine, it's known as spondylosis. Imaging scans or a physical examination can discover the reason.
5. Connective tissue disease
Connective tissues support, bind together, or various other body tissues and organs. They include tendons, ligaments, and cartilage.
Examples of CTD are:
- SLE, or lupus
- scleroderma, or systemic sclerosis
6. Infectious arthritis
Inflammation may occur when a bacterium, virus, or fungus reaches the joint.
- Salmonella and Shigella, which are foodborne illnesses
- Chlamydia and gonorrhoea, which are STDs that can affect joints
- Hepatitis C is a blood-to-blood infection that can be transmitted through shared needles or blood transfusions
7. Metabolic arthritis
Uric acid builds-up and settles in the joints in certain people, forming needle-like crystals that cause severe joint pain or a gout attack.
Treatment of Arthritis
Controlling pain, minimizing joint injury, and improving or maintaining the quality of life are all arthritis treatment goals. Various drugs and lifestyle changes can aid in this goal while also protecting joints from further damage.
Arthritis treatment may include:
Your doctor will give medicines based on the condition and the type of arthritis.
Commonly used drugs include:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs)
2. Physical or occupational therapy
The doctor may suggest physical therapy, along with medications. These exercises focus on improving the range of motion. They also strengthen the surrounding muscles of the painful joints. Your doctor may prescribe physical therapy in the following ways:
- Warm water therapy:
Exercising in a heated tub. The weight is supported by water, which relieves pressure on the muscles and joints.
- Physical therapy:
It involves specific exercises adapted to the person's condition and need. It is often combined with pain-relieving therapies such as ice or hot packs and massage.
- Occupational therapy:
It involves practical guidance on completing daily activities, selecting advanced aids and equipment. It also helps prevent further joint injury and manage fatigue.
The doctor suggests surgical intervention if the patient does not find relief from medicines and physical therapy. Surgery may include joint repair, joint replacement, and joint fusion.
Causes of Arthritis
Depending on the type of arthritis, the cause or causes differ.
- Injury, which leads to degenerative arthritis
- Irregular metabolism, which leads to gout and pseudogout
- Inheritance, such as in osteoarthritis
- Infections, such as Lyme disease arthritis
- Immune system dysfunction, such as in SLE and Rheumatoid arthritis, are all possible triggers
Book an appointment with Dr. Rishabh Nanavati to seek arthritis treatment in Mumbai.